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Person who records the number of cargo items
together with the condition thereof at the time it is loaded into or discharged from a vessel or container.

Tank Container
Tank, surrounded by a framework with the overall dimensions of a container for the transport of liquids or gasses in bulk.

Vessel designed for the carriage of liquid cargo in bulk.

Tare Mass of Container
→ Tare Weight of Container

Tare Weight
Weight of a container or packing materials without the weight of the goods it contains.
Gross Weight

Tare Weight of Container
Weight of an empty container including all fittings and appliances associated with that particular type of container in its normal operating condition.
Synonym: Tare Mass of Container

Schedule of rates, charges and related transport conditions.

Tariff Quotas
Application of a higher tariff rate to imported goods after a specified quantity of the item has entered the country at a lower prevailing rate.

Waterproof material, e.g. canvas, to spread over cargo to protect it from weather.
Open-Sided Container

Terms of Delivery
The conditions agreed upon between trading partners regarding the delivery of goods and the related services. Note: Under normal circumstances the Incoterms are used to prevent any misunderstandings.

Terms of Freight
All the conditions agreed upon between a carrier and a merchant about the type of freight and charges due to the carrier and whether these are prepaid or are to be collected. Note: The so-called Combi terms based on the Incoterms distinguish what the seller pays in terms of the freight and related costs and what the buyer pays. In the UN recommendation 23, a coding system is recommended to recognize the various items.

Terms of Sale
Invoice is the sales contract between buyer and seller and indicates the Terms of Sale.

→ Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit

Thermal Container
Container built with insulating walls, doors, floor and roof by which heat exchange with the environment is minimized thus limiting temperature variations of the cargo.

Third Party Logistics
Supply of logistics-related operations between traders by an independent organization.

Through Bill of Lading
Bill of Lading that provides transshipment.
Air WaybillConsignment NoteOcean Bill of Lading

Through Charge
Total rate from point of departure to point of destination. It may be a joint rate or a combination of rates (air cargo).
Synonym: → Through Rate

Through Pallet
A pallet that goes straight through from origin to destination without being broken up (depalletized) during the voyage.

Through Rate
→ Through Charge

Through Route
Total route from point of departure to point of destination.

Time Charter
Contract whereby a vessel is let to a charterer for a stipulated period of time or voyage, for a remuneration known as hire (generally a monthly rate per ton deadweight or a daily rate). The charterer is free to employ the vessel as they think fit within the terms as agreed, but the shipowner continues to manage their own vessel through the master and crew who remain the shipowner’s employees.

Time Draft (Bill of Exchange)
Draft that matures either a certain number of days after acceptance or a certain number of days after the date of the draft.
Date DraftSight Draft

Time Sheet
Statement, drawn-up by the ship’s agent at the loading and discharging ports, which details the time worked in loading and discharging the cargo together with the amount of lay-time used.

Abbreviation for Transport International des Mar-chandises par la Route.
→ Transport International by Road

Abbreviation for Trailer on Flat Car.

  1. Unit of weight measurement: 1000 kilograms (metric ton) or 2240 lbs (long ton). 2. Unit of cubic measurement, mainly used to express the cubic capacity of a vessel. 3. Unit of weight or measurement used as a basis for the calculation of freights (freight ton).

Gross Tonnage – total internal carrying capacity of a vessel expressed in measurement tons (one measurement ton = 100 cu. ft.).

Action of retrieving information concerning the whereabouts of cargo, cargo items, consignments or equipment.

Function of maintaining status information, including current location, of cargo, cargo items, consignments or containers either full or empty.

Power to grip or hold on to a surface while moving without slipping.

Powered vehicle designed and used for towing other vehicles.

Number of passengers, quantity of cargo, etc. carried over a certain route.

Vehicle without motored power, designed for the carriage of cargo and to be towed by a motor vehicle.

Tramp Vessel
Vessel not operating under a regular schedule.

Trans Siberian Landbridge
Overland route from Europe to the Far East via the Trans Siberian Railway (TSR).

Transaction Statement
Document that delineates the terms and conditions agreed upon between the importer and exporter.

Transfer Cargo
Cargo arriving at a point by one flight and continuing with another flight.

Transferable Letter of Credit
Letter of Credit that allows all or a portion of the proceeds to be transferred from the original beneficiary to one or more additional beneficiaries.

Transferring Carrier
Participating carrier who delivers the consignment to another carrier at a transfer point.

Transit Cargo
  1. Cargo between outwards customs clearance and inwards customs clearance. 2. Cargo arriving and departing at a point via the same through flight.

Transmittal Letter
List of the particulars of the shipment and a record of the documents being transmitted together with instructions for disposition of documents.

Device (chip) used for identification, which automatically transmits certain coded data when actuated by a special signal from an interrogator.

Transport Documents
Shipping Documents

Transport International by Road
Abbreviation: TIR. Set of rules following a customs convention to facilitate the international, European transport of goods by road with minimal interference under cover of TIR-carnets.

The transfer from one vessel or conveyance to another for further transit.


Class of automotive vehicles of various sizes and designs for transporting goods.

Trust Receipt
Release of merchandise by a bank to a buyer in which the bank retains title of the merchandise. The buyer, who obtains the goods for manufacturing or sales purposes, is obligated to maintain the goods (or the proceeds from their sale) distinct from the remainder of his or her assets and to hold them ready for repossession by the bank.

→ Trans Siberian Landbridge

Turnkey Project
Capital construction projects in which the supplier (contractor) designs and builds the physical plant, trains the local personnel on how to manage and operate the facility and presents the buyer with a self-sustaining project (all the buyer has to do is “turn the key”).

Cargo-carrying surface below the main deck dividing a hold horizontally in an upper and a lower compartment.
20-foot Equivalent Unit
Abbreviation: TEU. Unit of measurement equivalent to one 20-foot shipping container.

Device which has to be inserted into the corner fittings of a shipping container and is turned or twisted, thus locking the container for the purpose of securing or lifting.

Two-Way Pallet
Pallet into which the frame permits the entry of forks (e.g. a fork lift at two opposite sides).

Type of Cargo
Indication of the sort of cargo to be transported (e.g. Break Bulk, Containerized, RoRo).

Type of Equipment
Type of material used, e.g. 40-foot container, four-way pallet or mafi trailer.

Type of Movement
Description of the service for movement of containers.

Type of Packing
Description of the packaging material used to wrap, contain and protect goods to be transported.
Synonym: Kind of Packing, Package Type

Type of Transport

Indication whether the carrier or the merchant effects and bears the responsibility for inland transport of cargo in containers, i.e. a differentiation between the logistical and legal responsibility.

Type of Vessel
Sort of vessel used in the transport process, e.g. Container, RoRo, or Multi Purpose.

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