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G/A
→ General Average

Gang
Group of workmen acting together especially for loading and/or discharging operations of a vessel in combination with the necessary technical equipment.

Gangway
Bridge laid from an opening in the railing or side of a vessel to the shore or to a platform with the purpose of giving access to and from the vessel.

Gantry Crane
Crane or hoisting machine mounted on a frame or structure spanning an intervening space, which often travels on rails. Used for container movements.
Portal Crane

GATT
→ General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade;
Most Favored Nation Status (MFN)

GCR
→ General Cargo Rate ùGeneral Commodity Rate

GEN-SET
Motor generator set as power source for e.g. thermal containers.

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
Abbreviation: GATT. GATT is a binding contract among (in early 1992) 103 governments. GATT was established in 1947 as an interim measure pending the establishment of the International Trade Organization, under the Havana Charter. Operating in the absence of an explicit international organization, GATT has provided the legal framework for international trade with its primary mission being the reduction of trade barriers.
Most Favored Nation Status (MFN)

General Average
Abbreviation: G/A. Intentional act or sacrifice which is carried out to safeguard vessel and cargo. There is a general average act, when, and only when, any extraordinary sacrifice or expenditure is intentionally and reasonably made or incurred for the common safety for the purpose of preserving from peril the property involved in a common maritime adventure. Loss or damage sustained by the ship or cargo through delay, whether on the voyage or subsequently, such as demurrage, and any indirect loss whatsoever, such as loss of market, shall not be admitted as general average.
Average AdjustersContributory Value → General Average Act → General Average Security → General Average Statement → Particular AverageSacrificeValuation Clause → York/Antwerp Rules

General Average Act (York-Antwerp Rules)
There is a general average act when, and only when any extraordinary sacrifice or expenditure is intentionally and reasonably made or incurred for the common safety for the purpose of preserving from peril the property involved in a common maritime adventure.

General Average Bond
Document required of cargo owners, after a G/A loss, obtaining their agreement to pay any contribution that may become due.

General Average Contribution
Such losses or expenditures are contributed to by all the interests at risk on the basis of their respective values.

General Average Security
Documents the cargo owner presents to the General Average Adjuster to replace the vessel owner’s maritime lien on cargo for its share of General Average and to obtain release of the goods by the Steamship Company. G/A Security consists of a G/A Bond and either a cash deposit or an underwriter’s guarantee.

General Average Statement
This shows in detail all general average costs and expenses and the contribution of each interest in the general average in proportion to its value.

General Cargo
Cargo, consisting of goods, unpacked or packed, for example in cartons, crates, bags or bales, often palletized.
Break Bulk Cargo

General Cargo Rate
Abbreviation: GCR. Rate for the carriage of cargo other than a class rate or specific commodity rate (air cargo).
Synonym: → General Commodity Rate

General Commodity Rate
→ General Cargo Rate

General Export License
General license covering goods for which validated export licenses are not required. No formal application or written authorization is needed to ship exports under a general export license.

General Purpose Container
Container used for the carriage of general cargo without any special requirements for the transport and/or the conditioning of the goods.

Germanischer Lloyd
German classification society.
Classification Society

GHA
Ground Handling Agent. Official agent at the airport responsible for moving freight between the terminal and aircraft.

Godown
Warehouse or cargo shed. This term is often used in the Far East.

Good Faith
Basic principle of law, also applicable in insurance. A breach of good faith entitles the underwriter to cancel the contract.
Bona Fide

Goods
Common term indicating movable property, merchandise or wares.

Goods Control Certificate
Document issued by a competent body evidencing the quality of goods described therein, in accordance with national or international standards, or conforming to legislation in the importing country, or as specified in the contract.

Goods Flow
Direction and path of the movement of goods and sequence of placement of those goods in a supply chain.
Maintenance ChainPipelineSupply Chain

Goods in Transit
Goods which have departed from the initial loading point and not yet arrived at the final unloading point.
Synonyms: Stock in Transit, In Transit Inventory, Transportation Inventory

Goods Receipt

Document issued by a port, warehouse, shed, or terminal operator acknowledging receipt of goods specified therein on conditions stated or referred to in the document.

Grid Number
Indication of the position of a container in a bay plan by means of a combination of page number, column and line.

Gross Manifest
Manifest containing freight details without any appropriate disbursements.

Gross Register Ton
Abbreviation: GRT. Volumetric measure of the overall size of a vessel determined in accordance with the provisions of the international convention on measurement of vessels.
Register Ton

Gross Weight
  1. Weight (mass) of goods including packing, but excluding the carrier’s equipment expressed in whole kilograms. 2. The weight of a shipment including materials necessary for blocking, etc. (air cargo).

Gross Weight of Container
Total weight of container including cargo (in kilograms).

Groupage
Collection of several small consignments and the formation of one large shipment thereof (road cargo).
Regroupage

GRT
→ Gross Register Ton

GSA
Ground Security Agent.

Guaranteed Freight
Freight payable whether the goods are delivered or not, provided the failure to deliver the goods resulted from causes beyond the carrier’s control.

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